You can’t set a default folder view of new folders, but you can apply a view to all folders at once.
Apply Current View To All Folders
By default different folders will have different views in Outlook 2010, however you can apply a single view to all the folders in a single step, without the need to customize each and every folder.
To apply a current view to all the folders, go to View tab and click on Change View, from the dropdown list click on Apply Current View to Other Mail Folders.
A new window will popup, just select all the folders you want to apply the current view to and save it.
Changing Views Back to Show Messages By Date
Outlook 2010 has a new conversation view enabled by default, though not many people will be comfortable with it, if you are not comfortable with the conversation view, you can easily change it back to the default date view.
To do that just click on the View tab in the Outlook Window and select Date from the available options.
Edit and Manage Views
Views provides users with several options, you can modify them to change which fields are displayed, the type of view and so on.
To edit or manage views, click on View tab and select Manage Views or to directly modify settings for the current view click on the View Settings.
This should pop up a new window which has several options. You can modify the columns that are displayed, what options should the message be grouped by, sorting order of messages, filtering, conditional formatting and more.
Once you have modified the options click on Ok to save them.
Save Views For Future Usage
Once you have customize the views it may be good practice to save it somewhere, Outlook 2010 offers users with an option to save views.
To save your views, go to View tab and click on Save Current View as New View, in the window that pops up, enter a name for the view and save it.
Once you have save the view it till appear in the change view options, you can easily click on it to apply your view.